What is dementia?

Dementia is an umbrella term used to describe a range of progressive neurological disorders, that is, conditions affecting the brain. There are many different types of dementia, of which Alzheimer’s disease is the most common. Some people may have a combination of types of dementia.  Regardless of which type is diagnosed, each person will experience their dementia in their own unique way.

The four most common types of dementia are:

Alzheimer’s disease

Vascular dementia


Dementia with Lewy bodies

Symptoms of dementia

Memory problems – People with dementia might have problems retaining new information. They might get lost and confused in previously familiar places and may struggle with names, dates etc. Relatives might notice the person seems increasingly forgetful, misplacing things regularly.

Cognitive ability, i.e. processing information – People with dementia may have difficulty with time and place, for example, getting up in the middle of the night to go to work, even though they’re retired. Also their concentration could be affected. There may be a difficulty when shopping with choosing the items and then paying for them. For some people suffering with dementia the ability to reason and make decisions is affected.

Communication – People suffering with dementia tend to repeat themselves often and have difficulty finding the right words. Reading and writing might become challenging. They may well experience changes in personality and behaviour, mood swings, anxiety and depression.  People with dementia tend lose interest in seeing others socially. Following and engaging in conversation can be difficult and tiring. Their self-confidence is likely be affected.

Dementia can be seen as a combination of one, or all of the above symptoms. If you or someone you know is experiencing one or more of these symptoms, early diagnosis is the vital. There are many other reasons someone might be experiencing confusion or memory problems, so it is best to get them checked.

It is very important to get the right help when you or a family member is suffering from dementia, speak to your GP and they will guide to you the right place. You or your family member can also seek help from local authorities who will then assess you using something called the community care/needs assessment and get you the eligible help and support you need. Your family, GP or professional involved in your care can contact them.

(Source: Dementia UK)

How to contact the relevant people to get help?


Contact Numbers

Carers UK: 0808 808 7777

Dementia UK: 0800 888 6678

Leicester Adult Social Care: 0116 454 1004

Leicestershire County Council: 0116 305 0004

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